Inside the BWCA Fire: A First-person Account
As Fridley firefighters await an invitation to assist in firefighting efforts, a Patch Editor tells about traveling through the Boundary Waters shortly after the start of the now-massive fire.
Our campsite was gone.
Within five days of the start of one of the most devastating fires in the history of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCA), word reached us as we paddled some 30 miles away: Our campsite from less than a week before—the place we had slept, laughed, shivered, shared meals and traded stories for almost a week—had been ravaged by the same flames that have since scorched more than 146 square miles of protected wilderness.
We had heard the warnings: For 17 days the fire had been growing slowly underground—fires can do that?—sparked by a random lightning strike on Aug. 18.
At first, truth be told, none of us worried. We had heard the warnings without heeding them. But each day our clifftop campsite provided a clearer perspective of the smoke that grew closer and more frequent.
Now, even as rain has pummeled the Twin Cities and BWCA, National Guard soldiers from across Minnesota—including one from Fridley— and specially trained firefighters from around the country continue to battle the blaze.
As I write this, it has been eight days since I returned from the BWCA.
Their work is just beginning.
The Local Response
As the fire rages on, more than two dozen members of Minnesota National Guard have been called to help the fight. In many cases, the Guard soldiers are pilots flying giant tanks of water and fire retardant over the spreading flames.
According to the Pagami Creek Incident Information System (IIS), five Type 1 “hotshot” crews, eight Type 2 crews, seven helicopters—including four National Guard Black Hawks—eight fixed-wing aircraft, three float planes, two air tankers and three air-attack planes are assisting the efforts from the air.
The Guard is assisting the nearly 600 specially trained National Forest Service personnel on the ground who have also helped contain the fire and prevented an international incident (the United States and Canada jointly manage the BWCA).
Otherwise, despite the historic scale of the Pagami Creek Fire, BWCA officials say Twin Cities firefighters will stay put unless the fire turns catastrophic.
Are Fridley firefighters heading north? "No invitation yet," Fridley Fire Chief John Berg said by email Monday.
He added that the Minnesota Incident Management Team (a Type 3 team) is sending people to "shadow" the Type 1 team operating in the BWCA.
It's good that people are waiting for the invitation, rather than than just driving north.
"That wouldn't even work," National Forest public information officer Susan Zornek-Stevens said from the Ely-based incident command post. "If someone shows up here, they have to be qualified in incident response under federal government standards to even be allowed to help. It doesn't help for people to just show up (randomly)."
“When you see reports of hundreds of firefighters being sent to the BWCA, they’re usually Wildland or Forest Service personnel from across the country," Anderson said.
What They'll Face
When you've seen this fire rage, as we did, it's easy to understand why not just any firefighter can show up to the BWCA to help.
It is no ordinary fire.
As my five friends and I paddled through the protected wilderness, we never knew the exact nature of the monstrous blaze until we witnessed flames licking the trees at the portage routes.
A choking mixture of smoke and fog reduced visibility to less than 10 feet on the water and, amidst the silence of the BWCA, the mirror-like lakes created an eerie calm.
My group left the BWCA on Sept. 5 through Lake One—an outlet that has since been closed off because of the blaze—as part of a planned trip through an Ely outfitter. The smoke and fog, flames in the trees and a bevy of yellow-clad firefighters along portage routes only hinted at the scale of the impending natural disaster.
Uncharacteristically dry weather and windy conditions in and around Ely turned that smoldering underground fire into the blaze that has destroyed more than 93,000 acres of forest and dominated headlines.
"You guys have had lots of rain down in the (Twin) Cities, but up here, it's been a drought all summer," Gary Gotchnik, owner of Ely-based Wilderness Outfitters, told our group before heading out on Sept. 1.
While in camp, we were cut off from everyone, save the occasional lost hiker of the 29-mile Pow Wow Trail or kayak tourist. Reports of the fire always dominated the conversation.
As the week wore on and the fire continued to rage, the number of people we saw diminished rapidly.
Of course, as I now read the headlines from the safety of home, it's clear I had a rare ringside seat to watch the natural disaster unfold.
Recreation Opportunities Remain
While the Pagami Creek Fire is at once an awesome and sobering example of natural destruction, it is important to note that it makes up less than 9 percent of the BWCA's more than one million acres of land.
Which is why BWCA officials are encouraging campers and canoeists to not abandon any plans—at least not yet—to travel to the BWCA this fall.
"The BWCA is not closed," Zornek-Stevens emphasized. "If people want to go out, we highly encourage them to do so. We recommend they call ahead to make sure their intended destination is open but otherwise there are still a lot of recreational and vacation opportunities out there."
One lifelong BWCA camper is Rick Crook of Milaca, MN, who is scheduled to leave Oct. 6 on a two-week trip from Kawishiwi Lake through Polly Lake and then to the Sawbill Trail.
"The last I heard was that a portion of that route is either burned, or in imminent danger of being burned," Crook said via a Facebook message. "We may have to change our route to access safer areas, and we have changed our meal plans, due to complete fire bans in effect right now."
As of Sept. 18, firefighters had contained approximately 11 percent of the blaze and the IIS reported that the fire "crept and smoldered along the ground on (Sept. 16)" despite warmer temperatures, dry air and stronger winds.
"The fire has really laid down the last three days," Zornek-Stevens explained. "The winds have slowed and the smoke is not an issue anymore."
For up-to-the-minute information on the Pagami Creek Fire including current restrictions, closures and the fire perimeter visit the IIS website or call the Kawashiwi Ranger District at 218-365-7600.
Since my return, I have been watching the fire and the news closely, knowing so much of what I saw up there is now gone.
As the fire is slowly contained, accounts of how the fire could have been prevented are sure to manifest themselves in a bona fide political fight.
Meanwhile I hear of colleagues in Milwaukee and as far south as Chicago complain of the plume of smoke choking their cities, as they are in the direct path of the Northwest winds.
I see my pictures, tell my stories, and realize that nothing there, even now, is the same.
Jeff Roberts is a Twin Cities local editor for Patch.com.